The design and folly of Springfield Nuclear Power Plant is often rumored to be based on the real life Trojan Nuclear Power Plant near Matt Groening 's home town of Portland, Oregon, or the Hanford Site in southeastern Washington. However, Antonia Coffman, Groening's publicist, has said that the Springfield plant's design is generic and that "the Springfield Nuclear Power plant was not based on the Trojan Plant or any other power plant in the country." Trojan Nuclear Power Plant opened in 1976 and was infamous for its poor construction and maintenance, resulting in steam generator leaks which ultimately caused the plant to close in 1993 (although other plants replaced theirs). The cooling tower of the Trojan nuclear power plant was finally demolished on May 21, 2006.
The US Energy Information Administration (EIA) published an analysis of US government energy subsidies and R&D support in 2007, totaling $ billion – double the 1999 level. Of this, $ billion was related to electricity production, and $ billion of this was split between R&D and subsidies. Apart from transmission and distribution ($875 million), the balance was $ billion for R&D in anticipation of future benefits and $ billion in subsidies for present production. The $ billion for R&D comprised $922 million for nuclear, $522 million for coal and $108 million for renewables – which currently supply %, 49% and % (apart from hydro) of US power respectively. Nuclear R&D comprised $319 million for new nuclear plant design and proliferation-resistant fuel cycle, $350 million for clean-up of nuclear energy and research sites and $253 million for Idaho facilities and related management. Two-thirds of coal R&D was for 'clean coal' programs.
Explanation: This nuclear reaction continually take place especially in the earth’s atmosphere, forming equilibrium amounts of the radionuclide 14 C. In nuclear power plants , it is important especially from radiation protection point of view. The reaction is responsible for most of the radiation dose delivered to the human body by thermal neutrons. The nitrogen atoms are contained in proteins, therefore if the human body is exposed to thermal neutrons, then these thermal neutrons may be absorbed by 14 N, causing a proton emission. Protons are directly ionizing particles and deposit their energy over a very short distance in the body tissue.