As a result, the government not only lost a great amount of potential tax money from the producers and distributors of alcohol, but also initiated the appearance and rapid development of numerous criminal organizations that received most of their incomes from bootlegging (illegal alcohol trade). As it is clearly seen, this entire situation was quite natural and easy to predict. When something becomes hard to come by, while not ceasing to be a desired commodity, it becomes expensive. When there is a lack of supply for an expensive commodity, however dangerous its production and distribution is, there appear people who want to make money on it, and they won’t disappear until the law that brought them into existence disappears.
Summer Institute is an exclusive academic study abroad programme offered by Oriel College, one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford. Delegates have the flexibility to enrol for a 2-week session or extend and spend up to a maximum of 10 weeks in England. Cutting-edge lectures are all given by faculty members from Oxford and Cambridge on the following topics:
PPE (Philosophy, Politics & Economics)
Business & Legal Communication
English Literature & Academic Writing
On top of this, participants of Summer Institute will take part in a variety of social activities as well as guided visits to companies and institutions, excursions to famous attractions and historical landmarks, as well as fun leisure activities with a diverse, international group. It's the perfect opportunity to study in one of the oldest, and most prestigious university cities in the world.
Harvard has several PhD programs that may also be of interest to students considering applying to the PhD program in economics. These include Business Economics, Political Economy and Government, Public Policy, and Health Policy. Many students in these programs have considerable overlap in their coursework with courses offered to PhD students in economics. Many also have dissertation committees that include faculty members of the economics department. Please refer to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences for applicable program deadlines. (Deadlines have already passed for some programs this year but not for others.)
We encourage those with interest in any of those programs to also apply to those programs. The economics department will make admissions decisions independently, so application to or admission to other programs will not adversely affect admissions decisions within the Economics department. If you opt to apply, please note, the Graduate School will not accept more than three applications from any individual during the course of his or her academic career.